240 000 km2



25 Million



Rainfall in Ghana generally decreases from south to north of the country. In the extreme southwest, the mean annual rainfall amount is about 2000 mm. In the extreme north, the annual rainfall depth is less than 1100mm. The mean annual temperature is generally above 24°C, with actual figures fluctuating between 24°C and 30°C. 

Natural Resources:

The domestic economy largely revolves around subsistence agriculture, which accounts for 34%, industry 25% and Service, 30% of GDP.


Major crops in the country include: cocoa,   cereals (e.g. maize, paddy, rice, Sorghum and millet), groundnuts, cowpea, and pepper. Other related forms agriculture includes livestock, fish farming and bee-keeping.

Climate Vulnerabilities:

In the recent past, the country has witnessed increased coastal erosion and submergence, biodiversity loss and accelerated erosion, decreased water availability and crop yield, and increased human health hazards exacerbated by climatic change and variability.



Submergence: refers to permanent flooding of the coast caused by a rise in global sea level and/or subsidence of the land. Submergence is the most important factor responsible for land loss along many coastal sites. Regardless of its cause, submergence contributes to land loss in several ways. The most easily recognized effects of submergence are land losses caused by permanent flooding. The passive inundation of the shore typically expands estuaries, lakes, and lagoons at the expense of adjacent uplands and wetlands.