Equatorial Guinea


28,050 km


0.7 m (2009)


Equatorial Guinea has a tropical climate with distinct wet and dry seasons. From June to August, Río Muni is dry and Bioko wet; from December to February, the reverse occurs. There is a gradual transition in between. Rain or mist occurs daily on Annobón, where a cloudless day has never been registered. Annual rainfall varies from 1,930 mm at Malabo to 10,920 mm at Ureka, Bioko, but Río Muni is somewhat drier. The temperature at Malabo, Bioko, ranges from 16 °C to 33 °C, though on the southern Moka Plateau normal high temperatures are only 21 °C. In Río Muni, the average temperature is about 27 °C. In general, average temperature range from 23 to 250C and varies little with season, but decreases with latitude in the inland regions.

Natural Resources:


The main sources of economic growth are oil, construction and public works. Oil accounts for 88% of GDP, but employs only 4% of the labor force, agriculture accounts 1.9% of GDP and services is 9.8% of the GDP.


Agriculture was the chief economic activity before the oil boom. The country's agricultural and fisheries resources are greatly under-exploited. Cash crop production has collapsed. Cocoa production was only 859 tons in 2011, compared with 3 000 tons in 2007-08. The same is true of fishing. Industrial fishing has seen the size of its catch decline, from 270 tons in 2008 to fewer than 200 tons in 2010.

Climate Vulnerability:

The coastal lowlands of Equatorial Guinea may be vulnerable to sea‐level rise that may lead to displacement of people and submergence of agricultural land thus food insecurity.



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