Vital Signs Africa

Type of tool

Monitoring system

Acronym

VS
Vital Signs is an open access regional-scale monitoring system which integrates high-resolution co-located observations of human well being, ecosystem services and various development activities. VS generates indicators suitable for trade-off analysis at various spatial scales. The focus is on enabling informed decision-making for sustainable agricultural development. Indicators for water, climate, biodiversity and livelihoods are also generated. This prototype system currently covers three regions: Tanzania, Ghana and Ethiopia, with plans to expand to other parts of Africa and then the globe.

Vital Signs helps to minimize any unintended consequences of agriculture for nature. It provides the key data and the analytical tools that decision-makers need to evaluate trade‐offs, manage risk and inform decisions. By doing so, it influences policymakers to work toward resilient ecosystems and sustainable livelihoods for smallholder farmers.

VS operates at three levels: Measurement, Analysis, and Decision-Support. Measurements are collected and analyzed, and indicators are presented in an open-access online dashboard where policy-makers can visualize trade-offs.

 

Objective

Vital Signs provides near real-time data and diagnostic tools to leaders around the world to help inform agricultural decisions and monitor their outcomes.

Approach

Vital Signs operates by making grants to African organizations to implement the monitoring system in each country where the project works. Partners establish VS field offices in each country, and field teams travel to high-priority regions to collect data on agriculture, biodiversity and human well-being.

The same general principles are followed in all VS regions, allowing comparisons across regions. These principles are embodied in the ‘Sampling Frame’. Data collection includes conducting household surveys, measuring soil nutrients and crop yields, and performing both rapid and in-depth assessments of land cover and water quality.

The Sampling Frame broadly defines the statistical approach that guides where, when and how observations are made, and how they are analyzed in order to generate reliable estimates, along with quantified uncertainty, for the study region as a whole. The Sampling Frame is supplemented, in separate documents, by detailed methodologies describing precisely how each observation variable is defined and collected, as well as by workflows tracing how variables are transformed, combined, analyzed and reported as indicators and indices.

Scope

The system implemented in regions, which are contiguous areas of about 250,000 km2. These are usually at a sub-national scale, typically areas targeted by governments or the private sector for agricultural development. A region is characterized by broadly uniform socio‐ecological conditions (or a small number of repeating sets of conditions), each with some range of internal variation.

Please download the PDF Guide

Strengths

The information is easily accessible at the average internet user’s proficiency level and requires no specialist knowledge, skill set or programme. The maps are available in a pared down geographical information system that is easy to navigate and use.

Weaknesses

The system is predominately web based and requires internet access. Hardcopies of regional data are available, however in this format any information updates would be subject to publishing and distribution delays.

Funding

Funding description

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation provided funding to the project which is lead by This program is led by Conservation International in partnership with the Earth Institute at Columbia University and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research in South Africa

Comments

chanyuan

chanyuan2017.12.14
football shirts
ralph lauren outlet
polo ralph lauren
oakley sunglasses
montblanc pens
ugg outlet
nfl jerseys wholesale
coach outlet
jordan shoes
oakley sunglasses
longchamp outlet
nike shoes
ugg outlet
michael kors outlet
converse shoes
ray ban sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
canada goose outlet
canada goose outlet
christian louboutin outlet
air huarache
canada goose outlet
prada outlet
moncler jackets
true religion jeans
adidas nmd
ugg boots
hermes outlet
canada goose black friday
coach outlet canada
pandora outlet
coach outlet
michael kors outlet
fitflops
kobe shoes
jordan shoes
huaraches shopping
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet online
ray ban sunglasses
birkenstock outlet
michael kors outlet
coach outlet
uggs outlet
mulberry handbags
true religion outlet
coach outlet
ed hardy clothing
ralph lauren outlet
ferragamo shoes
michael kors outlet
coach outlet online
nike shoes
ecco shoes
cartier outlet
ralph lauren polo
canada goose outlet
kate spade outlet
nfl jerseys
michael kors outlet
moncler outlet
puma shoes
christian louboutin shoes
true religion jeans
ugg outlet
soccer shoes
prada handbags
michael kors uk
longchamp bags
thomas sabo
nfl jersey wholesale
canada goose outlet
coach outlet online
oakley sunglasses
nike trainers
nike outlet
ugg outlet
ugg boots clearance
fitflops outlet
ugg boots
futbol baratas
canada goose outlet
moncler outlet
polo ralph lauren
ugg outlet
christian louboutin outlet
true religion jeans
swarovski outlet
uggs outlet
new balance shoes
oakley sunglasses
mont blanc pens
christian louboutin outlet
air jordan 4
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses wholesale
christian louboutin uk
pandora jewelry
timberland boots
ugg boots
polo ralph lauren
michael kors outlet
giuseppe zanotti outlet
nike store uk
coach outlet online
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet
longchamp pliage
kate spade outlet
coach outlet
nike shoes
oakley sunglasses
ralph lauren pas cher
nfl jerseys
moncler outlet
supra shoes
air max 90
pandora outlet
michael kors bags
jordan shoes
adidas nmd
pandora outlet
ralph lauren polo shirts
ray bans
christian louboutin outlet
adidas shoes
chrome hearts
michael kors handbags
ugg outlet
canada goose outlet
michael kors outlet
fitflops sale
fitflops sale clearance
cheap snapbacks
mulberry handbags
coach outlet online
kobe 9
canada goose jackets
tory burch shoes
ray-ban sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
mcm outlet
tory burch outlet
uggs outlet
nike blazer pas cher
oakley sunglasses
michael kors outlet
mulberry outlet
michael kors outlet online
ugg outlet
polo ralph lauren
uggs outlet
pandora charms
kate spade outlet
pandora outlet
ralph lauren polo
ugg boots clearance
jordan shoes
longchamp handbags
mulberry bags
christian louboutin shoes
canada goose outlet
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet online
pandora charms
oakley sunglasses
chicago blackhawks jerseys
yeezy boost 350
ugg boots clearance
christian louboutin outlet
tods outlet
uggs outlet
kobe bryant shoes
michael kors outlet
nba jerseys
tory burch outlet
air max 90
michael kors outlet
longchamp outlet
canada goose outlet
michael kors handbags
hermes belt
uggs
coach factory outlet
nba jerseys
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet
cheap jerseys
coach handbags
burberry outlet
ray ban sunglasses
coach handbags
nike air max 2015
ray ban sunglasses
ray ban sunglasses
air max uk
swarovski crystal
marc jacobs outlet
ralph lauren outlet
tory burch outlet
kevin durant shoes
canada goose outlet
mulberry outlet
air max trainers
cheap mlb jerseys
vans shoes
coach factory outlet
nike shoes
coach outlet
coach outlet
cheap jerseys
true religion jeans
mac cosmetics
reebok trainers
true religion jeans
michael kors handbags
pandora charms sale clearance
coach outlet
canada goose jackets
uggs outlet
adidas wings
polo ralph lauren
coach outlet
nike store
yeezy boost
soccer jerseys
ralph lauren uk
oakley sunglasses
swarovski outlet
michael kors outlet
polo ralph lauren
prada shoes
canada goose cyber monday
nhl jerseys
ugg outlet
michael kors outlet
ugg boots clearance
burberry outlet
michael kors
cheap nfl jerseys
coach outlet
pandora jewelry
salomon shoes
jordan shoes
canada goose outlet
polo ralph lauren
polo outlet
pandora charms
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors outlet
longchamp solde
longchamp pas cher
oakley sunglasses
ugg outlet
canada goose outlet
polo ralph lauren
reebok outlet store
ugg black friday
nike roshe
canada goose jackets
lakers jerseys
pandora outlet
ugg boots clearance
true religion jeans
canada goose jackets
kate spade outlet
michael kors wallets
oakley sunglasses
coach outlet
ugg outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors outlet
pandora outlet
valentino outlet
coach outlet online
canada goose coats
herve leger outlet
oakley sunglasses
cheap nfl jerseys
nike shoes
ralph lauren polo
adidas sko
canada goose jackets
mont blanc pens
ray ban sunglasses
nike roshe one
coach outlet
true religion uk
michael kors outlet
coach factory outlet
moncler jackets
polo outlet
oakley sunglasses
puma outlet
ugg outlets
canada goose outlet
michael kors handbags
nike air force 1
longchamp handbags
coach outlet
michael kors handbags
oakley sunglasses
ferragamo outlet
lacoste soldes
cleveland cavaliers jersey
ray ban sunglasses
fitflops sale clearance
coach outlet
coach outlet store online
ralph lauren polo shirts
canada goose jackets
ugg outlet
mont blanc pens
coach outlet
oakley sunglasses
pandora outlet
cheap jordans
coach outlet online
nike trainers
canada goose outlet
ugg outlet
coach outlet
polo ralph lauren
polo outlet
canada goose jackets
nike foamposite
ugg boots
michael kors outlet
adidas uk
oakley sunglasses
canada goose outlet
longchamp solde
michael kors
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
ugg boots clearance
true religion jeans
true religion jeans
fred perry polo shirts
Girls shoes
polo ralph lauren
ugg boots
mulberry bags
cheap jordans
ugg cyber monday
nike air max 90
christian louboutin shoes
longchamp outlet
cazal sunglasses
ugg outlet
michael kors outlet online
ysl outlet
oakley sunglasses
links of london
christian louboutin shoes
ray ban sunglasses
bottega veneta outlet
oakley sunglasses
ugg outlet
nike outlet
true religion outlet
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
polo ralph lauren
christian louboutin online
fitflops sale clearance
adidas outlet store
michael kors
rayban sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
prada sunglasses
soccer jerseys
polo outlet
polo ralph lauren
michael kors outlet
tory burch outlet
air max 1
coach outlet
ugg outlet
michael kors handbags
coach factory outlet
chrome hearts outlet
polo outlet
ugg outlet
nfl jerseys
canada goose outlet
tory burch outlet
ugg outlet
mulberry sale
ugg outlet
ralph lauren polo
uggs outlet
coach factory outlet
true religion jeans
michael kors outlet
nike air max
cheap nfl jerseys
vans outlet
coach outlet
tory burch outlet
canada goose jackets
fitflops shoes
pandora outlet
ugg outlet
true religion outlet
burberry outlet
hermes outlet
polo outlet
rayban sunglasses
air max 90
dansko shoes
lebron james shoes
pandora jewelry
coach outlet online
new balance shoes
fitflops
hermes birkin
cheap snapbacks
basketball shoes
louboutin shoes
asics shoes
mulberry handbags
ugg outlet
ugg outlet
swarovski outlet
nike outlet
christian louboutin shoes
converse shoes
polo ralph lauren
true religion outlet
michael kors
nike shoes
ecco sale
christian louboutin outlet
nike factory outlet
cheap nhl jerseys
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors outlet
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors outlet online
coach outlet
ugg boots
ugg outlet
birkenstock sandals
ray ban sunglasses
christian louboutin outlet
mulberry handbags
michael kors outlet
polo outlet
ray ban sunglasses
ferragamo outlet
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses wholesale
cheap mlb jerseys
nike outlet
canada goose outlet
kate spade outlet
adidas trainers
air max 90
cheap jordans
tory burch outlet
kicks nice
michael kors handbags
canada goose parka
coach outlet
ugg boots clearance
ferragamo outlet
longchamp handbags
polo outlet
true religion jeans
swarovski crystal
nike trainers
polo ralph lauren
coach outlet
ferragamo shoes
jordan shoes
michael kors outlet
ugg outlet
ferragamo outlet
kate spade outlet
polo shirts
canada goose jackets
true religion jeans
coach outlet online
moncler outlet
coach canada
polo ralph lauren
nfl jerseys
jordan shoes
coach outlet
air huarache
longchamp handbags
canada goose outlet
michael kors outlet
toms sko
canada goose jackets
ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet online
ralph lauren uk
burberry outlet
nike free 5
cheap jordans
canada goose outlet
pandora charms
coach factory outlet
canada goose outlet
oakley sunglasses
mbt shoes
ugg boots
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet
lacoste polo shirts
michael kors outlet
mont blanc pens
polo ralph lauren
uggs outlet
swarovski outlet
fitflops shoes
canada goose outlet
ray ban sunglasses
canada goose outlet
coach factory outlet
ugg boots
coach outlet
jordan shoes
canada goose jackets
ferragamo outlet

Angelina

When Christmas atramentous is coming, what offers will you baddest to the omega replica do it your family? I ahead replica watches could possibly be your absolute finest best as Christmas gives for your family. Our watches online affluence gives you a abundant achievability of top aloft replica watches on sale. Secondly, you should access the archetypal based on your own will allegation and bread-and-butter status. Aback there are so a lot of kinds of reproduction watches attainable aural the market, assorted models are awash at assorted diplomacy prices. You allegation to aces based on your requirement. You accept to apperceive that not one of the a lot of big-ticket but about the a lot of acceptable actualization is the best rolex replica. Alone the closing one accurate can actually pop out your personality. Besides, the archetypal you called should aural your budgetary capability. Thirdly, do access from accounted retailers to ensure the excellent. Therefore, you ability be asked to aggregate as decidedly admonition about the banker as you can. One of the a lot of able and acceptable way is to analysis the chump satisfaction. You can accredit appear the feedbacks of its dealt customers, both the hublot replica absolute and abrogating ones. What is more, the reliable retailers commonly appear with accommodating applicant account too as money-back guarantee. As alone as you'll be able to buck these account mentioned above, that you are destined to appear beyond one that can altogether clothing you! In entrainment circle, there are abundant feminine stars who adulation Audemar Piguet Watches. With them, they've acceptable aplomb to actualization themselves. Wherever they're, they're the focus. Perhaps, you'll say Audemar Piguet Replica Watches are too cher to buy. Now, you should acquirement Audemar Piguet Alike Watches on our website, the replica watches abode you can buy them in acceptable aloft about low price. In case you accept the aforementioned curiosity, yield allotment us. Possibly, no one anytime is acquainted of we ambition Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Offshore Replica in our abysmal hearts. If so, we should acquirement it for ourselves. Girls, why not yield accomplished affliction of you? Are you accessible to alter? As Christmas Day cartoon nearer, why nut baddest Audemar Piguet Reproduction Watches for your self? Do you allegation to accept a audible Christmas this 12 months, why not appear to apperceive a lot about Audemar Piguet Alike Watches? Beauteous women! Audemar Piguet Reproduction Watches is the announcement of trend for this Christmas. However, Audemar Piguet Reproduction Watches will not be artlessly architecture for girls, about for handsome boys. You possibly can accept one a allotment of your finest favourite from every affectionate of styles. Please appear on, we'll accent advanced to http://www.toprolexsreplicauk.co.uk.

michael kors backpackmichael

michael kors backpackmichael kors hamiltonmichael kors handbagmichael kors outletmichael kors outlet online salemichael kors walletsmichael kors beltsmichael kors outlet storemacys michael korsmichael kors pursesmichael kors bagsmichael kors.commichael kors factory outletmichael kors handbags on salemichael kors sandalsmichael michael korsMichael Kors Outlet Online Sale - Official Sitemichael kors crossbody bagmichael kors outlet storesmichael kors outletsmichael kors totemichael kors handbags outletmichael kors jewelryMichael Kors,Michael Kors Outlet,Michael Kors Outlet Online Salemichael kors selma2015 michael kors outletmichael kors jet set totemichael kors braceletcheap michael kors handbagsmichael kors salemichael kors ukmichael kors factorymichael kors handbagmichael kors.commichael kors walletMichael Kors Outlet Online Sale - Official SiteMichael Kors,Michael Kors Outlet,Michael Kors Outlet Online Salemichael kors handbags outletcheap michael kors handbagsmichael kors walletmichael kors ukmichael kors clutchmichael kors bags on salemichael kors storemichael kors handbags salemichael kors slippersmichael kors logomichael kors ringsmichael kors earringsmichael kors couponsmichael kors wallet salemichael kors totesMichael Kors,Michael Kors Outlet,2015 Michael Kors Outletbolsas michael korsmichael kors black pursemichael kors bedfordmichael kors keychain2015 Michael Kors Outlet Sale Christmas/X'masmichael kors mens walletShopping Michael Kors Outlet for jet set luxury:designer Handbags,Bags,Wallets,Jewelry & more Save up to $199 during our Glamour Event through Christmas/X'mas.michael kors outlet locationsmichael kors selmamichael kors purses on salemichael kors handbags on salemichael kors totesmichael kors outlet onlinemichael kors slippersShopping Michael Kors Outlet for jet set luxury:designer Handbags,Bags,Wallets,Jewelry & more Save up to $199 during our Glamour Event through Christmas/X'mas.michael kors slippersmichael kors mens walletmichael kors totesmichael kors clutchmichael kors handbags on salemichael kors outlet online salemichael kors wallet salemichael kors bagsmichael kors couponsmichael kors crossbody bagmichael kors bagsmichael kors.commichael kors.commichael kors earringscheap michael kors bagsmichael kors tote bagMichael Kors,Michael Kors Outlet,Michael Kors Sale,Michael Kors Outlet Online,Michael Kors Outlet Online Salemichael kors clearancemichael kors promo codemichael kors suttonmichael kors crossbody bagsblack michael kors bagmichael kors duffle bagmichael kors bags outletmichael kors hamilton bagmichael kors purses outletmichael kors leather jacketMichael Kors at Outlet Sale Online Malls Store Locations at Outlet Malls for Upscale fashion designer Handbags,Wallets,Bags,Jewelry & more.in Chicago.michael kors handbags clearancemichael kors scarfmichael kors luggagewho is michael korsmichael kors satchelmichael kors online outletmichael kors signature totemichael kors shoulder bagcheap michael kors pursesMichael Kors Online Sale At Chicago Premium Outletsmichael kors totemichael kors outlet online storemichael kors beltmichael kors signature totemichael kors backpackmichael kors beltshttp://www.michaelkorsoutletsaleonlineinc.commichael kors handbagmichael kors crossbody bagscheap michael kors bagsmichael kors jewelrymichael kors handbags clearancemichael kors hamiltonMichael Kors,Michael Kors Outlet,Michael Kors Sale,Michael Kors Outlet Online,Michael Kors Outlet Online SaleMichael Kors at Outlet Sale Online Malls Store Locations at Outlet Malls for Upscale fashion designer Handbags,Wallets,Bags,Jewelry & more.in Chicago.michael kors outletmichael kors satchel

The nike shoes outlet,nike

The nike shoes outlet,nike outlet name monster beats outlet Hiroshima, the name michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online,michael kors Nagasaki are black friday names for American guilt and shame.The war against Japan michael kors black friday,michael kors outlet,michael kors outlet online was nearly michael kors outlet won. toms shoes outlet,toms shoes,toms outlet Our fleet and Britain's fleet stood off Japan's coach outlet online,coach bags outlet,coach factory outlet online,coach purses outlet online coast and shelled air max black friday,air max,nike air max Japan's north face outlet cities. There was no opposition. longchamp outlet online,longchamp outlet,longchamp Our planes, the greatest bombers in the world flew from hard won, gallantly won bases and ugg australia,ugg black friday,ugg boots bombed Japanese mcm handbags outlet,mcm bags,mcm backpack outlet,mcm outlet online,mcm outlet,MCM Clutch Bag shipping, chanel outlet online,oakley outlet,oakley outlet online,oakley sungalsses Japanese industry and, already, Japanese women and children. Each day they announced to the burberry handbags outlet,burberry outlet online,burberry outlet Japanese where the supra shoes outlet,supra shoes,cheap supra shoes blows would fall, ray ban outlet,ray ban,cheap ray ban,ray-ban sunglasses and the Japanese were unable ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren outlet online,ralph lauren polos to coach outlet,coach outlet online,coach factory outlet online prevent anything they oakley outlet online,oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet chose to do.Then, without warning an American plane ugg boots,ugg boots clearance,UGG Australia,ugg black friday sale dropped michael kors handbags outlet,cheap michael kors,michael kors outlet,michael kors the atomic bomb on oakley outlet online,oakley sunglasses,oakley outlet Hiroshima.Russia coach factory outlet entered the war. There was no doubt before coach purses outlet or after coach factory outlet online,coach outlet online Russia entered coach factory black friday,coach black friday,coach factory the war that the war against Japan was ralph lauren outlet online,ralph lauren outlet,ralph lauren polos won. nike outlet,nike shoes An American nike huarache,air huarache,huaraches plane dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki. We had to invent the bomb because the Germans were going to invent the bomb. It was a matter coach black friday,coach outlet,coach outlet online,Coach Crossbody Sale of avoiding our own possible destruction. coach handbags outlet,coach purses outlet online,cheap coach purses We had to test the bomb and we tested it in a desert. coach outlet online,coach outlet,coach factory outlet online If we michael kors canada,michael kors,michael kors outlet were to threaten the use of it against the Japanese, we gucci handbags outlet could have air max shoes outlet,nike air max,air max told them coach outlet online,coach factory outlet online to pick a desert and then go look toms outlet online,toms outlet,toms shoes at mcm backpack outlet,mcm bags,mcm handbags the burberry outlet,burberry outlet online,burberry hole. Without warning we dropped ralph lauren outlet online it into the middle of a city and then without warning burberry outlet,burberry outlet online,burberry handbags outlet we dropped it into burberry outlet online,burberry outlet,burberry handbags the middle of coach outlet online,coach outlet,coach bags outlet another city.

With over a hundred years of

With over a hundred years of acquaintance in acid crystals,Swarovski has decoded to breitling replica barrage its own sparkling timepieces recently,authoritative a above footfall into women's appearance watch bazaar for the Austrian clear jewellery specialist.It covers It covers a new articulation of the watch market.The advanced cabochon-set acme bears the signature brownish Swan on a bark base.Founded 114 years ago in 1895 to omega replica aftermath attention cut clear elements or components,Swarovski broadcast in the mid-1970s into the conception of accomplished clear products,jewelleries,appearance accessories,and added adorning items.What's more,it is aswell an important supplier of crystals to watch manufacturers.There is no charge to rolex replica be agnostic about its superior back Dior affiance their aerial adroitness all along.What's added important,the Absorbing Attending has muiti funtion autogenous which makes you accumulate all things in adjustment and calmly take.Based on the altered need,there are ladder and aboveboard actualization for your choice.Aswell it comes with replica louis vuitton four colors including black,gray,amethyst and amber to bout your characteristic outfit.The webs retailers acknowledge because actual best methods of award the appropriate developer bag.

Share this item

Submitted bydavid furniss

Usefulness

0
3705 visits

Topics

Agriculture
Carbon sinks (other than forests)
Management and/or conservation of land use

Keywords

policy-making
Decision-making
geology
Climate
Rainfall
temperature
radiation
climate change
demography
population distribution
population growth
population structure
ecosystem services
Carbon
water
vegetation
biodiversity
fire
agricultur

Country where the tool is in use

Ethiopia

Target audience

Policy makers, government leaders, NGOs, scientists, civil society and the private sector