SADC's response to climate change - the role of harmonised law and policy on mitigation in the energy sector

Scientific journal
15-09-2014
Focusing on the Southern African Development Community (SADC), this paper looks at energy-related GHG emissions; the energy sector as climate change mitigation and adaption area; and reviews past and current policy documents related to resource use, energy, and climate change. To effectively address climate change challenges within the SADC states the author recommends a single sub-regional climate change policy document that 1) is based on intense cooperation, 2) links climate change with the broad socio-economic and political development frameworks, and 3) contains sector-specific actions.
Southern African Development Community

The negligible levels of energy-related GHG emissions attributable to the Southern African sub-region translates into the sub-region contributing relatively little towards global climate change. Notwithstanding, the member states comprising the Southern African Development Community (SADC) are among the most vulnerable to the trans boundary effects of global climate change. Existing SADC climate change policy documents highlight the important role of the energy sector in climate change mitigation. Furthermore, various international, African Union and SADC legal instruments stress the crucial role of harmonised law and policy as climate change adaptive measure. It is the central hypothesis of this paper that harmonised sub-regional law and policy aimed at regulating SADC member states' mitigation efforts in the energy sector is a crucial climate change adaptive strategy. This hypothesis is based on the mandates for the formulation of a SADC climate change action plan and for mitigation in the energy sector. These mandates are contained in the texts of the SADC-CNGO Climate Change Agenda, 2012 and the Southern Africa Sub - Regional Framework on Climate Change, 2010 respectively. It is the main aim of this paper to investigate recent developments in the formulation of harmonised SADC law and policy on climate change in general and law and policy pertaining to mitigation in the energy sector specifically. In achieving the stated aim, themes to be investigated by means of a literature study are those of energy-related greenhouse gas emissions and global climate change and harmonised sub-regional policy on mitigation in the energy sector as adaptive measure in the SADC.

Barnard, M.
Journal of Energy in Southern Africa
2014
7

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Submitted byKathleen Smart

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Topics

Energy
Energy efficiency and conservation
Renewable energy

Cross cutting

Governmental and intergovernmental actions
Policy Advice
United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

Keywords

energy-related GHG emissions
climate change
sub-regional policy
adaptation
mitigation
Southern African Development Community
SADC

Countries

The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Mauritius
Seychelles
Angola
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland
Mozambique
Malawi
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Geographic Coverage

Regional