A case study of South African mitigation actions (For the special issue on mitigation actions in five developing countries)
Four examples of potential South African MAs are described and then analysed: the Bus Rapid Transport in Cape Town, the South African Renewables Initiative, the carbon tax and the National Sustainable Settlements Facility. We find from considering these examples that there are significant challenges to defining an MA. We also find that, generally, South Africa is good at identifying, analysing and designing activities to mitigate emissions, but lacks in effective implementation. Two main areas of implementation risk are suggested, namely, counteracting vested interests and the availability of finance. Suggestions are made regarding how these implementation challenges might be overcome with appropriate support at the domestic and international levels.