Agroforestry for sustainable woodfuels in sub-Saharan Africa

Scientific journal
Beginning on the premise that woodfuel use in sub-Saharan Africa is unlikely to be replaced by cleaner fuels in the next twenty years, this paper points out the important role that agroforestry can play in providing charcoal and firewood, thus reducing harvest pressures on natural forests and limiting land degradation by deforestation. The authors also outline mechanisms through which these fuel sources use can be made more sustainable e.g. efficient kilns and stoves but note that sustainable charcoal production requires enabling policy environments.

Woodfuel plays a critical role in energy provision in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and is predicted to remain dominant within the energy portfolio of the population in the coming decades. Although current inefficient technologies of production and consumption are associated with negative socio-economic and environmental outcomes, projected charcoal intensive pathways along with urbanization may further accelerate pressures on tree covers. This paper reviews the status of the woodfuel sector in SSA, and estimates the magnitude of impacts of increasing wood demand for charcoal production on tree cover, which will be obviously unsustainable under business-as-usual scenarios. Agroforestry, if widely adopted as an integrated strategy together with improved kilns and stoves, can have a significant impact to reduce wood harvest pressures in forests through sustainably supplying trees on farm. A systematic approach is required to promote multi-purpose agroforestry systems compatible with farmers’ needs under local farming systems and current dryland socio-economic contexts.

Miyuki Iiyama, Henry Neufeldt, Philip Dobie, Mary Njenga, Geoffrey Ndegwa and Ramni Jamnadass
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability



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Energy efficiency and conservation

Cross cutting

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improved stoves
wood harvest pressure


Western Africa
Eastern Africa
Southern Africa

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