South Sudan

Area:

619 745 km2

 

Population:

8 Million

 

Climate:

The climate of South Sudan is mainly tropical, characterized by a rainy season of high humidity and large amounts of rainfall followed by a drier season; the most rainfall in South Sudan is between the months of April and October. In South Sudan, most precipitation usually occurs during the summer months and varies across the country. The majority of the country receives about (750–1,000 mm) annually. Areas in the western part of the country receive slightly more, about (1,000–1,500 mm) annually, while some areas in the northeastern and southeastern parts of the country receive less, about (500–750 mm). Some areas in the extreme southeast receive fewer than (500 mm). The highest annual temperatures for most of South Sudan generally range from the (low to mid-30OC), although some areas toward the north of the country range from (mid- to upper 35 C). The highest temperatures normally occur just before the rainy season.

Natural Resources:

The economy of South Sudan is dominated by export of oil, which accounts for up to 71 percent of GDP, and oil revenue accounts for almost 98 percent of total Government revenue.

Agriculture:

Agriculture is the main means of livelihood for over 98% of the total population in Southern Sudan. Rain-fed agriculture is the mainstay of economic development in south Sudan. There are multiple food and cash crops production in South Sudan such as sorghum, maize, groundnuts, cassava, rice, coffee, sugarcane, tea, palm, nuts, vegetables and fruit plants. There is also domestic livestock keeping and on-farm or free range livestock keeping. In south Sudan, more than 70% of livestock keepers are engaged in domestic livestock production system. This is mainly practiced for subsistence production of cattle, goats and poultry. Poultry   mainly comprises; chicken, ducks and a few guinea fowls.

Climate Vulnerabilities:

Varying intensities of annual rainfall has affected many People and caused serious problems in recent years in the south Sudan. Floods and drought usually damage the infrastructure, agriculture, livestock, forestry as well as fisheries and destroy human health and life. Migration, loss of property and even death occurs as a direct result to the severe drought. Famine, Land degradation and soil erosion; lower yields from crop damage and failure; increased livestock deaths; increased risk of wildfire; loss of arable land are some of the results of frequent droughts. Floods in the recent past goes beyond traditional managing capacities of the communities and causes disaster by submerging wide areas including the higher grounds that were commonly used for safety movement during normal flooding season.

Source:

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/od.html

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