Promoting energy efficiency and transformation of the refrigerating appliances market in Ghana
This is a Climate Change Mitigation project funded by the Ghanaian Government and the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by the Ghana Energy Commission and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Its main objective is to improve the energy efficiency of appliances marketed and used in Ghana. Refrigerators are typically the largest or second largest energy-consuming appliance used among households in every country in the world. The project aims at strengthening the regulatory and institutional framework, developing monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, and providing training to appliance professionals nationally in Ghana. As part its implementation, the government introduced changes of electricity regulations such as, the obligation for Minimum Energy Performance Standards, compulsory use of Information Labels (S&L) and innovative economic tools. For example, the project has introduced market-based economic incentives complemented by public outreach campaigns to accelerate the process. The total cost of this project amounts to US$ 5.9 Million. The Ghana Energy Commission estimates that this project will benefit about 2 million families (refrigerator owners) throughout the country, each saving yearly between US$ 42.5 to US$ 85 in electricity bills. The global benefits are estimated in the order of 2.7 tons of CO2 per year per family, about 0.7 tons from electricity consumption reduction and 2 tons of CO2 from stopping the release CFCs otherwise released by the old and inefficient refrigerators.